The average menstrual cycle lasts between 22 and 34 days. But about 20% of women have periods at “less than standard” periods: either lasting less (less than 21 days), or longer (more than 35 days). This disorder increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, according to a new study published in the journal Journal of the American Heart Association.
Cardiovascular disease: Menstrual cycles that are too long or too short increase the risk
After analyzing the medical records of more than 58,000 patients participating in the UK Biobank Study, researchers from Nanfang Hospital of Southern Medical University (China) revealed that women with short or long menstrual cycles were more likely to develop cardiovascular diseases, including Heart attacks and atrial fibrillation.
In detail, menstrual irregularities were associated with a 19% increased risk of heart disease. Shorter courses were associated with a 29% increased risk of cardiovascular disease, including coronary heart disease, heart attack, stroke, and heart failure. Periods that lasted a long time, for their part, carried an 11% higher risk than “normal” cycles.
Atrial fibrillation: 40% increased risk with menstrual irregularities
Atrial (or atrial) fibrillation is a common heart condition that can cause heart palpitations, dizziness, and chest pain. It appears to occur particularly more frequently in women with non-standard cycles. And the risk of suffering from this disease increased among them by 40% compared to others. This connection is important, because this disease can lead to complications — such as stroke — that could be avoided if the condition was caught early.
“Our analysis suggests that women with menstrual irregularities may experience cardiovascular health consequences. Therefore, we need to raise awareness that people with irregular menstruation may have a higher risk of heart disease.”Huijie Zhang, lead author of the study, explained communication. “These findings have important public health implications for the prevention of atrial fibrillation and heart attacks in women and underscore the importance of monitoring menstrual cycle characteristics throughout a woman’s reproductive life.” , The expert concluded.