Curiosity is NASA’s Mars rover. he is theThe most advanced and ambitious ever to explore Mars. It was launched in November 2011 and landed on the red planet on August 5, 2012.
Curiosity landed inside Gale Crater in August 2012 to determine if the area experienced such conditions.which he did by showing that Mars was For a short period of its history, in the distant past, which is measured in billions of years.
To land on Mars, NASA has developed a new landing technology. Curiosity enteredMars at a speed of about 21,000 km / h, is protected by it . Three minutes before landing, use 50 meters in diameter and 16 meters in diameter. Five hundred meters before touching the ground, the re-terrorists began, then the upper part deposited On the roof at the end of the cable, like a construction hoist.
France and Cnes aboard Curiosity
gearTen devices and a mast equipped with cameras and lasers to study targets up to a distance of 7 meters. It also has a 2.1-meter articulated boom capable of digging up to 6 cm into the rocks and extracting material, which at that time did not happen on Mars.
This $2.5 billion mission was carried out with the help of partners in Germany, Canada, Spain, France and Russia. Spain provides one ofand the Rems weather station (Rover Environmental Monitoring Station). France collaborated on the development of ChemCam and Sam’s tools. It is an instrument for the preliminary analysis of rocks and soils around the Curiosity rover at an altitude of up to 9 metres.
As for Sam (Sample analysis on Mars), is a set of measurement instruments capable of determining the chemical composition (molecular, elemental and isotopic) of Martian soil. Cnes is also involved in operations on Mars in real time. Finally, Canada provides a probewith alpha and . particles .
Unlike previous roving vehicles equipped with solar panels, Curiosity has a batteryNuclear – actually a Thermoelectric radioisotope (RTG) – allows it to operate day or night.