The resurgence of bird flu

This is amazing Highly pathogenic avian influenza has been gaining momentum in Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Ontario and Quebec since early April. This infectious disease is found in wild birds, but also in poultry houses – in Quebec, three cases were reported in wild birds for the first time.

Avian influenza viruses, including H5N1, are airborne, and thus particles in the air travel. It can also spread through contact with feces.

The good news: It does not pose a food safety risk. The fact remains that educators fear that they, in turn, will have to carry out mass massacres.

Isabelle Bourgogne talks about it with:

  • Martin PelletierThe agricultural engineer and general manager ofQuebec poultry disease control team (EQCMA).
  • Nancy ReaultSenior Director of the Animal Import and Export Division of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) and Vice President of Veterinarians.
  • Carl GagnonAnd Veterinary Professor and Virologist at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Montreal

Wild birds are permanent reservoirs of many viruses and new strains appear along their migration routes. Last observed in 2015 in Canada, this H5N1 virus appears to be highly pathogenic to bird flu make a comeback. The first case in Canada was confirmed in Newfoundland In December 2021, and more recently in Quebec. How did I get here?

Poultry producers need to make their farms safer, what does that mean? Are some species affected more than others? Are there any identifiable symptoms in birds? Are we talking about a high mortality rate of up to 80% in chickens?

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How is the control of the avian influenza epidemic in the field? How do you deal with such a crisis?

Let’s reassure people: the risks of eating infected poultry are minimal, and even if it were, there is no transmission to humans at present.

Would it be possible to vaccinate farmed birds instead of euthanizing entire flocks?

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About the Author: Irene Alves

"Bacon ninja. Guru do álcool. Explorador orgulhoso. Ávido entusiasta da cultura pop."

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