Cancer – “The Lung Cancer It is no longer a disease of men’s disease: like It is the main finding of a study presented at the French-language pulmonology conference in January 2022. Conducted every ten years since 2000, this test measures the progression of these cancers that are treated and diagnosed in non-university centers in France.
“What we have seen in 2020 is a very clear increase in the female battalion in cancer The lung″, explains pulmonologist Didier Debeaufer, study coordinator. Before continuing: We went from 16% of women [parmi les personnes] With lung cancer in 2000 to 24.3% in 2010 and 34.6% in 2020.” Among those under 50 years of age, nearly parity has been reached because 41.1% of patients are now women.
Tobacco is responsible for 75% of these cancers in women
In question, develop smoking Women from 1960. Tobacco It is the cause of these cancers in more than 87% of cases in the general population and 75% in women. to United StateThe cancer The lung It has already become the number one cause of death before cancer in women. “OhYou expect this to be the case in France soon,” warns Dr. Debeaufer, who fears a “real pandemic”.
“The epidemiological situation among women in France as in Spain is very worrying, with the death rate from this cancer increasing by 3% every year,” insists Marie-Pierre Reville, head of services at Cochin Hospital in Paris.
However, 58% of lung cancer cases are diagnosed in the metastatic stage, when the cancer has already spread to another part of the body than where it started. This significantly reduces the chances of survival.
Invitation to check
Several studies have shown the benefits of a CT scan. In the United States, the increase in early detection of Lung Cancer Since 2014, it has saved about 10,100 people, A . asserts A study published Wednesday in British Medical Journal. In France, this cancer It is not affected by the structured examination, as with cancer chest For example, they are systematically introduced to an entire target population.
Health authorities are already afraid of the danger of “overdiagnosis”: identifying tumors that will not develop cancer Thus imposing heavy and unnecessary treatments. In an opinion issued in February, the High Authority for Health (HAS) encouraged “the implementation of real-world trials before considering the deployment of a large-scale structured screening programme”.
This is the context provided by the assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris Just launched a pilot study called “Cascade”, and inviting 2,400 smokers or ex-smokers, ages 50 to 74, for testing. In women, the risk of death is reduced by 59% thanks to early detection, eight years after the start of screening.
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